NEW YORK-How long can a good thing last? Writeoffs of credit card loans have already plunged below levels that issuers consider sustainable. Continued improvement in delinquencies points to a further dip in loss rates in the months ahead.

The percentage of balances overdue by one to two months fell at five of the six largest issuers in April, according to figures reported this month. The movement was in line with seasonal forces including tax refunds, which make it easier for borrowers to meet their obligations, reported American Banker, an affiliate of Credit Union Journal.

If the recent pace at which such early stage delinquencies have become uncollectible holds, chargeoff rates, or the annualized amount of debt written off as a percentage of outstanding receivables, for the Big Six issuers could be 40 to 90 basis points lower in the third quarter than they were in the first quarter.

JPMorgan Chase's chargeoff rate, including card balances that don't serve as collateral for bonds, actually ticked up 11 BPs from the fourth quarter to 4.4% in the first quarter.

The company forecast that chargeoffs would retreat to about 4.3% this quarter, however, and it released about $750 million of the amount it had set aside for bad credit card accounts. The size of the reserve release was higher than in the third and fourth quarters of last year, but much smaller than from the second quarter of 2010 to the second quarter of 2011.


May Not Continue

Credit cards have accounted for the lion's share of the reserve releases that have propped up earnings across the bank industry.

With loss rates already so low, however, JPMorgan's chief executive, Jamie Dimon, once again warned investors in April that such drawdowns are not likely to continue to be a big factor much longer.

Nevertheless, the company's total allowance for card loan losses of $7.3 billion still exceeded annualized chargeoffs in the first quarter by $1.7 billion.

The chargeoff rate across Capital One Financial's domestic card portfolio fell 15 BPs from Q4 to 3.9% in the first quarter.

The company forecast that an initial mark it expects to take against the $30 billion portfolio it acquired from HSBC Holding will absorb all the losses from the acquired accounts for a couple quarters and suppress its loss rates during that time.

Subsequently, Capital One predicted that its chargeoff rate would be about 75 basis points higher than it otherwise would have been.

Subscribe Now

Authoritative analysis and perspective for every segment of the credit union industry

14-Day Free Trial

No credit card required. Complete access to articles, breaking news and industry data.